The Basics – Photoshop Tools Part 2 of 3

March 20, 2010 in Featured, Photoshop by Rufino

The Basics – Photoshop Tools Part 2 of 3

This tutorial is a continuation of one of our tutorials: “The Basics – Photoshop Tools Part 1 of 3“.

Part 1 talks about the importance of basics in graphic designing. I point out lists of Photoshop Tools and its features. For recap, these are: Move Tool, Rectangular Marquee Tool, Elliptical Marquee Tool, Single Row Marquee Tool, Single Column Marquee Tool,Lasso Tool, Polygon Lasso Tool, Magnetic Lasso Tool, Quick Selection Tool, Magic Wand Tool, Crop Tool, Slice Tool, Slice Select Tool, Eyedropper Tool, Color Sampler Tool, Ruler Tool, Note Tool, Spot Healing Brush Tool, Healing Brush Tool and Patch Tool. Once again, these tools are just basics but they aren’t enough, there are still a lot of things to learn aside from this. So guys, lets move forward and I will discuss the Part 2 of it.

Author: Rufino Peligrino Jr.

The Basics - Photoshop Tools Part 2

Below is the second list of the basic Photoshop Tools. Enjoy!

Photoshop Tools - Red Eye ToolRed Eye Tool (J)
– The Red Eye Tool is used to remove red eye in your flash photos. Click the Red Eye Tool which is under the same group with the Spot Healing Brush Tool. And then click on the red eye to fix it.
– In the Options bar, you can see this options when the Red Eye Tool is activated:


Photoshop Tools - Red Eye Tool Option

  • The Pupil Size option is the one responsible for the area that is affected by the Red Eye Tool.
  • The Darken Amount option defines the darkness of the Red Eye Tool correction.

Photoshop Tools - Brush ToolBrush Tool (B)
– The Brush Tool allows you to draw lines with different colors and thicknesses. It acts as a freehand painting tool. Select the Brush Tool located below the Spot Healing Brush Tool.
– In the Options bar, you can see these following options when the Brush Tool is activated:
Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option

  • Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option BrushIn the Options bar, set the brush size according to the size that you want. Then, select a color to your liking in the Swatches palette. Click on the image and start painting by holding your mouse button down.
  • Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option ModeThe Mode option is the blending mode. Mostly, the Normal option is used. But you can experiment on each mode to know what they can do.
  • Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option OpacityThe Opacity option for the brush paints with strokes that are transparent allows viewing the underlying content or image to be seen.
  • Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option FlowThe Flow option defines the quickness of applying the paint. The lower the value of the Flow option, the lighter the strokes.
  • Photoshop Tools - Brush Tool Option AirbrushThe Airbrush option is used to gradually tone your images.

Photoshop Tools - Pencil ToolPencil Tool (B)
– The Pencil Tool is similar to the Brush Tool except that it only has hard edges.


Photoshop Tools - Pencil Tool OptionsThe Options bar for the Pencil Tool is also similar with the Brush Tool but without the Airbrush option and it has an additional option which is the Auto Erase option.

  • Photoshop Tools - Pencil Tool Options AutoEraseThe Auto Erase option lets you use the Pencil Tool like Eraser Tool. It allows you to paint the background color above the areas having the foreground color.

Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement ToolColor Replacement Tool (J)
– The Color Replacement Tool is used in order to replace or swap particular colors that you paint on, covering a targeted color by a corrective color. Choose the Color Replacement Tool which is under the same group with the Brush Tool and Pencil Tool.
– In the Option bar, you can see these following options:
Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options

  • You can set the brush size and brush style to your desired settings.
    Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options Brush


    and


    Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Brush Tool Option Style
  • In the Sampling option, you can either choose: Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options Sampling
    • Continuous – Continuously samples colors while dragging.
    • Once – Only replaces the color that you first click.
    • Background Swatch – Only replaces color from the areas which contains the active background color.
  • In the Limits option, you can either choose:
    Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options Limits
    • Discontiguous – Replaces or switches the sampled color when it occurs in the pointer.
    • Contiguous – Replaces or switches colors which are contiguous along with the color instantly under the pointer.
    • Find Edges – Replaces or switches the associated areas that contain the sampled color at the same time preserving the sharp edges’ sharpness.
  • The Tolerance option defines the tool’s sensitivity.
    Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options Tolerance
  • The Anti-alias option softens the edge of the selection.
    Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options Anti-alias

– After setting the necessary option, select the foreground color that you want to replace the undesired color. Then, click on the color that you want to swap or replace in your image, and drag to paint.

Photoshop Tools - Clone Stamp ToolClone Stamp Tool (S)
– The Clone Stamp Tool lets you paint an area of an image over the sampled area or pixels. It is also used to duplicate image or a part of it. The actual operation requires you to set up a sampling point within your image that will be used to be the reference in order to make a cloned area.
– Click the Clone Stamp Tool located just right below the Brush Tool. And then, set your desired settings in the Options bar.

  • As you can see, the options for the Clone Stamp Tool are just the same as the options in the Brush Tool with the additional Aligned and Use All Layers options.
    Photoshop Tools - Clone Stamp Tool Options
  • Photoshop Tools - Clone Stamp Option AlignedThe Aligned option makes your starting spot to follow your cursor. Meaning, it will continuously draw your new cloned image even after you release your mouse button.
  • Photoshop Tools - Clone Stamp Tool Options SamplesThe Sample Option allows you to sample data from active or current layer, current layer and below it, and from all layers.
    • Photoshop Tools - Clone Stamp Tool Options Samples IgnoreTo sample from all layers excluding the adjustment layers, select the All Layers option and click the icon for Ignore Adjustment Layers.

– After setting up the options, click on your image the point that you want to set your sampling point as a reference while holding down the Alt key for Windows and Option key for Mac. Now, click and draw to where you want your cloned image to be show up. Then all you have to do is to drag your cloned image to where you want it to be.


Photoshop Tools - Pattern Stamp ToolPattern Stamp Tool (S)
– The Pattern Stamp Tool allows you to paint using a pattern. Click on the Pattern Stamp Tool which is under the same group as the Clone Stamp Tool.
Photoshop Tools - Pattern Stamp Tool Options
– Next step is to select a brush in the tool’s Brush Presets picker and set its size and hardness. Set the options in the tool’s Options bar. The Pattern Stamp Tool options are just the same as the options for the Clone Stamp Tool except for the Pattern pop up panel and the Impressionist option. Then, pick a pattern that suits your design in the Pattern pop up panel. Lastly, drag the image to where you want to paint the pattern.


Photoshop Tools - History Brush ToolHistory Brush Tool (Y)
– The History Brush Tool is used to paint in your image its history or previous state. It acts just like the History panel or by pressing Ctrl+Z that undoes your action but the undo action only applies to the stroked area that you paint. Click the History Brush Tool located below the Clone Stamp Tool. Set the settings to the Options bar to your liking. The options for the History Brush Tool are also the same as with The Brush Tool’s options.


Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush ToolArt History Brush Tool (Y)
– The Art History Brush Tool is used to paint stylized strokes by means of a specific history state. It is just like the History Brush Tool but instead of re-creating the source data that you selected, the Art History Brush Tool makes use of that source together with the options that you’ll set in order to create various colors and creative styles. Click on the Art History Brush Tool which is under the same group as the History Brush Tool. Set the options on the Options bar to your desired settings.
Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option

  • Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option BrushSet the brush options on the Brush Presets panel.
  • Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option ModeNext is to select a mode to your desired blending mode.
  • Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option StyleTo control the paint stroke’s shape, select the necessary option from the Style options.
  • Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option AreaThe Area option defines the area that is covered with the paint strokes.
  • Photoshop Tools - Art History Brush Tool Option ToleranceThe Tolerance option defines the tool’s sensitivity.

– Next is to set the source by selecting a state or snapshot at the History panel. Then, you can now paint in your image by clicking and dragging.


Photoshop Tools - Eraser ToolEraser Tool (E)
– The Eraser Tool, just like the name implies, erases the current layer pixels by dragging it along the image. Specific pixels on the image can be erased to either transparency or background color. It automatically changed to background color if the transparency is locked. Also under this tool are the Background Eraser Tool and the Magic Eraser Tool.
– Click the Eraser Tool located below the History Brush Tool. Next is to set the color of the background if you want to erase with the background or the layer’s transparency is locked.
Photoshop Tools - Eraser Tool Options

  • In the Option bar, select your desired settings for the brush, mode, opacity, flow, and airbrush options. We already tackled all of those options on the previous Tools.
  • Photoshop Tools - Eraser Tool Options HistoryThe Erase to History option is used to erase a history state or snapshot of your image. Select the history state in the left column of the History panel.

– Lastly, click and drag on the area that needs to be erased.


Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser ToolBackground Eraser Tool (E)
– The Background Eraser Tool is used to erase the background color of an image to transparent. Click the Background Eraser Tool which is under the same group as the Eraser Tool. Select a layer that you want to erase a background in the Layers palette.
– In the Options bar, you can see these following options:
Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options

  • Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options BrushIn the Brush Preset picker, set the Diameter, Hardness, Spacing, Angle, Roundness, Size, and Tolerance to your desired settings.
    • Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options Brush Size and ToleranceIn the event that you are working with some sort of pressure-responsive digitizing tablet, select the Size and Tolerance options to adjust the size as well as the tolerance of the eraser over the path of the stroke. Select the Pen Pressure option in order to base your adjustment on the pen pressure. Meanwhile, select the Stylus Wheel in order to base your adjustment on the pen thumbwheel’s position.
  • Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options SamplingThe Sampling, Photoshop Tools - Color Replacement Tool Options LimitsLimits and Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options ToleranceTolerance option is just the same as the Color Replacement Tool’s Sampling, Limits and Tolerance option.
  • Photoshop Tools - Background Eraser Tool Options Protect ForegroundThe Protect Foreground Color is used to prevent erasing the pixels that matches the color of the foreground.

– Now, click and drag to the area that you want to make your erasure.


Photoshop Tools - Magic Eraser ToolMagic Eraser Tool (E)
– The Magic Eraser Tool works just like the Magic Wand Tool except that it automatically deletes the selection part instead of just selecting it. Click the Magic Eraser Tool under the group of the Eraser Tool.


Photoshop Tools - Magic Eraser Tool Option

  • Set the options in the options bar. It is very similar to the Magic Wand Tool’s options.

– Then, after everything is set up, click on the pixel to erase the area that has the same pixels to transparent or background color if ever you are with a locked transparency layer.


Photoshop Tools - Gradient ToolGradient Tool (G)
– The Gradient Tool allows you to apply a gradient fill on to a layer or a selected or specific area of your image. It also creates a gradual mix of multiple colors. If you want to fill to a selected area of your image, select first the area before starting or else It will be applied to the entire layer. Now, click on the Gradient Tool located below the Eraser Tool. In the Options bar, you can set these following options:
Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options

  • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options FillSelect a gradient fill
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options Gradient PickerThe Gradient picker allows you to select a gradient fill preset. Just click on the small downward triangle to open the Gradient picker.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options SampleThe Gradient Editor can be accessed by clicking the gradient sample (the rectangle) located before the small triangle. It allows you to create your own gradient fill rather that just selecting on the gradient fill presets.
  • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options ApplyHere are some options on how to apply the gradient fill.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options LinearIn the Linear Gradient option, the shades from the initial point towards the ending point are within a straight line.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options RadialMeanwhile, the Radial Gradient option, the shades are in a circular outline.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options AngleIn the Angle Gradient option, the shades from the initial point are in a manner of counterclockwise sweep.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options ReflectedIn the Reflected Gradient option, the shades from the either side part of the initial point are in a symmetric linear gradient.
    • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options DiamondLastly, the Diamond Gradient option. Its shades are in a diamond shape pattern which outwards from the initial point.
  • Next step is to set your desired options for the Blending Mode and Opacity.
  • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options ReverseThe Reverse option allows you to reverse the gradient fill’s color order.
  • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options DitherThe Dither option allows you to create smoother gradients.
  • Photoshop Tools - Gradient Tool Options TransrarencyThe Transparency option enables the transparency mask in your selected gradient fill.

– Click on the part of your image that you want to define your initial point. Then drag and release to define the gradient’s ending point.
– You can constrain the angle of the line to 45° multiples by holding down the Shift key while dragging.

Photoshop Tools - Paint Bucket ToolPaint Bucket Tool (G)
– The Paint Bucket Tool is used to fill, using the foreground color or a pattern, the adjacent pixels that has the same color. Click the Paint Bucket Tool which is located under the same group as the Gradient Tool. In the Options bar, set the necessary options for you design.
Photoshop Tools - Paint Bucket Tool Options

  • Photoshop Tools - Paint Bucket Tool Options FPChoose whether to use the foreground color or a pattern in filling the selection.
  • Next, set to your desired liking the Blending Mode, Opacity, Tolerance, Anti-alias, Contiguous and All Layers.

– Then, click the pixel or an area of your image to fill that part of the area.
Photoshop Tools - Blur ToolBlur Tool
– The Blur Tool is used blur the hard edges of your image. The more you use the blur tool over a specific area, the more blurry it becomes. Click on the Blur Tool below the Gradient Tool. In the Options bar, set your desired options: Photoshop Tools - Blur Tool Options

  • I already talked about all of those options in the previous posts except for the Strength option.
  • Photoshop Tools - Blur Tool Options StrengthThe Strength option is defined by the tool’s sensitivity.

– Lastly, click and drag to the part of the image that you want to blur.


Photoshop Tools - Sharpen ToolSharpen Tool
– The Sharpen Tool is used to sharpen the images by increasing the contrast along the edges. The more you use the tool in a specific area, the more sharpen it becomes. Click on the Sharpen Tool which is under the same group as the Blur Tool. Set your desired settings in the Options bar. The options for the Sharpen Tool are just the same as the options for the Blur Tool. Then, after setting the options, click and drag to the part of the image that you want to sharpen.


Photoshop Tools - Smudge ToolSmudge Tool
– The Smudge Tool is used to spread and mix the content of the areas of your image. It picks up color in the initial spot to where the stroke starts and pushes it to the direction that you drag. Click the Smudge Tool which is also under the same group as the Blur Tool. Set the options in the Options bar to your liking. The options for the Smudge Tool are also the same as the Blur Tool except for one which is the Finger Painting option.

  • Photoshop Tools - Smudge Tool Finger PaintingThe Finger Painting option allows you to smudge at the starting of your stroke using the active foreground color instead of using the color of the starting spot of your stroke. You can also activate the Finger Painting option by holding down the Alt key for Windows or Option key for Mac while dragging.

Photoshop Tools - Dodge ToolDodge Tool (O)
– The Dodge Tool is used to lighten image areas. The more you use the Dodge Tool over a specific area, the lighter it becomes. Click the Dodge Tool located below the Blur Tool. In the options bar, you can see these following options:
Photoshop Tools - Dodge Tool Options

  • Select a brush in the brush panel and set the size and hardness of the brush.
  • Photoshop Tools - Dodge Tool Options RangeIn the Range option, you can choose:
    • The Midtones option allows you to change the grays’ middle range.
    • Shadows option allows you to change the dark areas.
    • The Highlights option allows you to change the light areas.
  • Photoshop Tools - Dodge Tool Options ExposureThe Exposure option defines the strength of the stroke.
  • If you want to use airbrush, click on the airbrush icon.
  • Photoshop Tools - Dodge Tool Options Protect TonesThe Protect Tones option allows you to minimize the clipping in the highlights and shadows.

– Click and drag to the part of the image that you would like to lighten.


Photoshop Tools - Burn ToolBurn Tool (O)
– The Burn Tool is used to darken image areas. It is the exact opposite of the Dodge Tool. The instructions on how to use this tool is just the same as the Dodge Tool. It is under the same group as the Dodge Tool.


Photoshop Tools - Sponge ToolSponge Tool (O)
– The Sponge Tool is used to change the level or degree of saturation regarding the color of an image’s area. Click the Sponge Tool which is located under the same group as the Dodge Tool and Burn Tool. In the Options bar, you can see these following options:
Photoshop Tools - Sponge Tool Options

  • Select a brush in the brush panel and set the size and hardness of the brush.
  • Photoshop Tools - Sponge Tool Options ModeThe Mode option lets you choose to whether saturate or desaturate.
  • Photoshop Tools - Sponge Tool Options FlowSet the Flow to your liking. The lower the value of the Flow option, the lighter the strokes.
  • If you want to use airbrush, click on the airbrush icon.
  • Photoshop Tools - Sponge Tool Options VibranceThe Vibrance option enhances the Sponge Tool’s effectiveness. It minimizes clipping.

– Click and drag to the part of the image that you would like to saturate or desaturate.


Photoshop Tools - Pen ToolPen Tool (P)
– The Pen Tool is used to create a straight lined or smooth curved paths and vector shapes. Click the Pen Tool located below the Dodge Tool.


Photoshop Tools - Pen Tool OptionIn the Options bar, you can select to either draw Shape Layers or Paths.
– Click on the part of your image that you want to be the starting anchor point. Then, set a second anchor point in order to your segment.
– Then, click and drag to be able to add a new segment and change the shape of the line.
Photoshop Tools - Pen Tool Option Auto AddDeleteThe Auto Add/Delete option in the Options bar lets you add or delete anchor points.
– To add a new anchor point, just click on to where to put it.
– And to delete an existing anchor point, just simply click on it. Or to delete the previous anchor points that you added, just hit the Delete key.
– Then, to complete the path or a shape, click on the starting/first anchor point.

This is not yet done, there’s still part 3 after this. So, watch out guys.


Part 1
Part 2
Part 3